Genetic Formula: E, aa, CC, dd, gg, ww, toto
Description: Jet black horses have pure black coloring aside from white markings. They do not have brown or gold coloring on there muzzle, and/or undersides. The black hairs on sunburned black horses can be lightened to cause a red or brown overtone generally on the sides and rump. So it is best to examine the horse in the winter or after being freshly shaved. A jet black horse's hair will not lighten in the summer like a sunburned blacks. All Black horses have dark skin and black eyes.
Black is Dominant
Black and red are the two most basic genetic colors on a horse.
Red is Recessive
A horse must inherit the "e" gene from both parents to be red. Thus it is impossible for a Homozygous Black to throw a red foal since there is no recessive Red gene to pass on. See Bay to learn how the Agouti gene can further affect black.
Markings* on Black base
Dilutes/Modifiers* on Black Base
Double cream (Called Smokey Cream)
Foal Coat SHADES *
*There are many, many more varieties
To read more technical color descriptions please visit UC Davis